The Problems of Philosophy

The Good Read:                        The Problems of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell

A gloomy Sunday approached some good read. While I was searching for things to read, I came across this one chapter of The Problems of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell, by which, it discussed Appearance and Reality as one of the distinctions that cause most trouble in Philosophy.

According to Bertrand Russell (which I thought of and agreed upon as well),"As soon as we try to be more precise, our troubles begin." There was a huge point there and we all can see it, it was obvious.

Most of the time, we react based on what we see and what we think we believed in. And I guess, there is an enormous influence of the mind if and when we are going to believe something. Sometimes, even we see and we feel that those things are true and certain, we try to cross the point that there is still something strange about it; and we make ourselves believe that the truth is not the truth but a lie or a misconception - and there it is... as we try to be more precise, our troubles begin.

According to Russell, Bishop Berkeley (1685-1753) was the first philosopher who first brought prominently forward the reasons for regarding the immediate objects of our senses as not existing of us. Berkeley's Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Skeptics and Atheists undertake to prove that there is no such thing as matter at all, and that the world consists of nothing but minds and their ideas.

That, "Whatever can be thought of is an idea in the mind of the person thinking of it; therefore nothing can be thought of except ideas in  minds; therefore anything else is inconceivable, and what is inconceivable cannot exist." This component, according to Russell is fallacious. Whether valid or not, the argument has become very widely advanced in one form or another; and very many philosophers, perhaps a majority, have held that there is nothing real except minds and their ideas - and these philosophers are often categorized as Idealists.

So, could we say, it's all in the mind?


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